Training Tutorials

Chosun Schools of Taekwon-Do: Saju Jirugi from Susan Mills on Vimeo.

Chosun Schools of Taekwon-Do: Chon Ji from Susan Mills on Vimeo.

Chosun Schools of Taekwon-Do: Dan Gun Movements from Susan Mills on Vimeo.

Chosun Schools of Taekwon-Do: Dan Gun from Susan Mills on Vimeo.

Chosun Schools of Taekwon-Do: Do San Movements from Susan Mills on Vimeo.

Chosun Schools of Taekwon-Do: Do San from Susan Mills on Vimeo.

Chosun Schools of Taekwon-Do: Won Hyo from Susan Mills on Vimeo.

Chosun Schools of Taekwon-Do: Yul Gok from Susan Mills on Vimeo.

Pattern Moves from Saju Jirugi to Do San

Parallel Ready Stance Narani Junbi Sogi

Parallel Ready Stance
Narani Junbi Sogi

Walking Stance Outer Forearm Low Block Gunnun So Bakat Palmok Najunde Makgi

Walking Stance Outer Forearm
Low Block
Gunnun So Bakat Palmok Najunde
Makgi

Walking Stance Middle Obverse Punch Gunnun So Ap Joomuk Kaunde Jirugi

Walking Stance Middle Obverse
Punch
Gunnun So Ap Joomuk Kaunde
Jirugi

 

L-Stance Inner Forearm Middle Block Niunja So An Palmok Kaunde Makgi

L-Stance Inner Forearm
Middle Block
Niunja So An Palmok Kaunde
Makgi

 

L-Stance Knife Hand Guarding Niunja So Sonkal Daebi Makgi

L-Stance Knife Hand Guarding
Niunja So Sonkal Daebi Makgi

L-Stance Twin Forearm Block Niunja So Sang Palmok Makgi

L-Stance Twin Forearm Block
Niunja So Sang Palmok Makgi

Walking Stance Outer Forearm Rising Block Gunnun So Bakat Palmok Chookyo Makgi

Walking Stance Outer
Forearm Rising Block
Gunnun So Bakat Palmok
Chookyo Makgi

L-Stance Middle Knife Hand Strike Niunja So Kaunde Sonkal Taerigi

L-Stance Middle Knife Hand Strike
Niunja So Kaunde Sonkal Taerigi

Walking Stance High Outer Forearm Block Gunnun So Bakat Palmok Nopunde Makgi

Walking Stance High Outer
Forearm Block
Gunnun So Bakat Palmok
Nopunde Makgi

Walking Stance Straight Finger-tip Thrust Gunnun So Sun Sonkut Tulgi

Walking Stance Straight
Finger-tip Thrust
Gunnun So Sun Sonkut Tulgi

Walking Stance Back Fist High Side Strike Gunnun So Dung Joomuk Nopunde Yoptaerigi

Walking Stance Back Fist High
Side Strike
Gunnun So Dung Joomuk
Nopunde Yoptaerigi

 

Walking Stance Outer Forearm High Wedging Block Gunnun So Bakat Palmok Nopunde Hechyo Makgi

Walking Stance Outer Forearm
High Wedging Block
Gunnun So Bakat Palmok
Nopunde Hechyo Makgi

Sitting Stance Middle Knife Hand Strike Annun So Kaunde Sonkal Taerigi

Sitting Stance Middle Knife
Hand Strike
Annun So Kaunde Sonkal
Taerigi

PATTERNS

There are 24 patterns in Taekwon-Do. The table below outlines the rank, pattern and order of belt.

 

PATTERN MOVES

INTERPRETATIONS

Chon-Ji  19 Literally means ‘the Heaven, the Earth.’ It is in the Orient, interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history, therefore, it is the first pattern played by the beginner. This pattern is composed of two similar parts, one to represent the Heaven and the other the Earth.
Dan-Gun  21 Named after the holy Dan Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year 2333 B.C.
Do-San  24 The pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938). The 24 movements represent his entire life which he devoted to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement.
Won-Hyo  28 The noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year of 686 A.D.
Yul-Gok  38 The pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yi L (1536-1584) nicknamed the ‘Confucius of Korea.’ The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on 38o latitude and the diagram (±) represents ‘scholar.’
Joong-Gun  32 Named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr. Ahn’s age when he was executed at Lui-Shung prison (1910).
Toi-Gye  37 The pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on 37o latitude, the diagram (±) represents ‘scholar.’
Hwa-Rang  29 Named after the Hwa-Rang youth group which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwon-Do developed into maturity.
Choong-Moo  30 The name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Lee Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armoured battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine. The reason why this pattern ends with a left hand attack is to symbolise his regrettable death, having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the king.
Kwang-Gae  39 Named after the famous Kwang-Gae-Toh-Wang, the 19th King of the Koguryo Dynasty, who regained all the lost territories including the greater part of Manchuria. The diagram (±) represents the expansion and recovery of lost territory. The 39 movements refer to the first two figures of 391 A.D., the year he came to the throne.
Po-Eun  36 The pseudonym of a loyal subject Chong Mong-Chu (1400) who was a famous poet and whose poem ‘I would never serve a second master though I might be crucified a hundred times’ is known to every Korean. He was also a pioneer in the field of physics. The diagram (—) represents his unerring loyalty to the king and country towards the end of the Koryo Dynasty.
Ge-Baek 44 Named after Ge-Baek, a great general in the Baek Je Dynasty (660 A.D.) The diagram (|) represents his severe and strict military discipline.
Eui-Am  45 The pseudonym of Son Byong Hi, leader of the Korean independence movement on March 1, 1919. The 45 movements refer to his age when he changed the name of Dong Hak (Oriental Culture) to Chondo Kyo (Heavenly Way Religion) in 1905. The diagram (|) represents his indomitable spirit, displayed while dedicating himself to the prosperity of his nation.
Choong-Jang  52 The pseudonym given to General Kim Duk Ryang who lived during the Lee Dynasty, 14th century. This pattern ends with a left-hand attack to symbolize the tragedy of his death at 27 in prison before he was able to reach full maturity.
Juche  45 A philosophical idea that man is the master of everything and decides everything, in other words, the idea that man is the master of the world and his own destiny. It is said that this idea was rooted in Baekdu Mountain which symbolizes the spirit of the Korean people. The diagram () represents Baekdu Mountain.
Sam-Il  33 Denotes the historical date of the independence movement of Korea which began throughout the country on March 1, 1919. The 33 movements in the pattern stand for the 33 patriots who planned the movement.
Yoo-Sin  68 Named after General Kim Yoo Sin, a commanding general during the Silla Dynasty. The 68 movements refer to the last two figures of 668 A.D., the year Korea was united. The ready posture signifies a sword drawn on the right rather than the left side, symbolizing Yoo Sin’s mistake of following his king’s orders to fight with foreign forces against his own nation.
Choi-Yong  46 Named after General Choi Yong, Premier and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed forces during the 14th century Koryo Dynasty. Choi Yong was greatly respected for his loyalty, patriotism and humility. He was executed by his subordinate commanders headed by General Yi Sung Gae, who later became the first king of the Lee Dynasty.
Yon-Gae  49 Named after a famous general during the Koguryo Dynasty, Yon Gae Somoon. The 49 movements refer to the last two figures of 649 A.D., the year he forced the Tang Dynasty to quit Korea after destroying nearly 300,000 of their troops at Ansi Sung.
Ul-Ji   42 Named after General Ul-Ji Moon Dok who successfully defended Korea against a Tang’s invasion force of nearly one million soldiers led by Yang Je in 612 A.D., Ul-Ji employing hit and run guerrilla tactics, was able to decimate a large percentage of the force. The diagram () represents his surname. The 42 movements represent the author’s age when he designed the pattern.
Moon-Moo 61 Honours the 30th king of the Silla Dynasty. His body was buried near Dae Wang Am (Great King’s Rock). According to his will, the body was placed in the sea “Where my soul shall forever defend my land against the Japanese.” It is said that the Sok Gul Am (Stone Cave) was built to guard his tomb. The Sok Gul Am is a fine example of the culture of the Silla Dynasty. The 61 movements of this pattern symbolize the last two figures of 661 A.D. when Moon Moo came to the throne.
So-San  72 The pseudonym of the great monk Choi Hyong Ung (1520-1604) during the Lee Dynasty. The 72 moves refer to his age when he organised a corps of monk soldiers with the assistance of his pupil Sa Myung Dang. The monk soldiers helped repulse the Japanese pirates who overran most of the Korean peninsula in 1592.
Se-Jong  24 Named after the greatest Korean king, Se Jong, who invented the Korean alphabet in 1443, and was also a noted meteorologist. The diagram () represents the king, while the 24 movements refer to the 24 letters of the Korean alphabet.
Tong-Il  56 Denotes the resolution of the unification of Korea which has been divided since 1945. The diagram (|) symbolises the homogenous race.